An adventure deep inside the everyday materials that surround us, packed with surprising stories and fascinating science. why is glass see-through? what makes elastic stretchy? why does a paper clip bend? why does any material look and behave the way it does? these are the sorts of questions that mark miodownik a globally-renowned materials scientist has spent his life exploring in this book he examines the materials he encounters in a typical morning, from the steel in his razor and the graphite in his pencil to the foam in his
Robert m. pirsig's zen & the art of motorcycle maintenance is an examination of how we live, a meditation on how to live better set around the narration of a summer motorcycle trip across america's northwest, undertaken by a father & his young son.
Do you want to go to graduate school? then you're in good company: nearly 80,000 students will begin pursuing a phd this year alone. but while almost all of new phd students say they want to work in academia, most are destined for disappointment. the hard truth is that half will quit or fail to get their degree, and most graduates will never find a full-time academic job.in good work if you can get it, jason brennan combines personal experience with the latest higher education research to help you understand
Deng xiaoping joined the chinese communist movement as a youth and rose in its ranks to become an important lieutenant of mao's from the 1930s onward. two years after mao's death in 1976, deng became the de facto leader of the chinese communist party and the prime architect of china's post-maoreforms. abandoning the maoist socio-economic policies he had long fervently supported, he set in motion changes that would dramatically transform china's economy, society, and position in the world. three decades later, we are living with the results. china has become
Despite being immensely popular--and immensely lucrative—education is grossly overrated. in this explosive book, bryan caplan argues that the primary function of education is not to enhance students' skill but to certify their intelligence, work ethic, and conformity—in other words, to signal the qualities of a good employee. learn why students hunt for easy as and casually forget most of what they learn after the final exam, why decades of growing access to education have not resulted in better jobs for the average worker but instead in runaway credential inflation, how
In the highly anticipated thinking, fast and slow, kahneman takes us on a groundbreaking tour of the mind and explains the two systems that drive the way we think. system 1 is fast, intuitive, and emotional; system 2 is slower, more deliberative, and more logical. kahneman exposes the extraordinary capabilities—and also the faults and biases—of fast thinking, and reveals the pervasive influence of intuitive impressions on our thoughts and behavior. the impact of loss aversion and overconfidence on corporate strategies, the difficulties of predicting what will make us happy in
No matter your goals, atomic habits offers a proven framework for improving--every day. james clear, one of the world's leading experts on habit formation, reveals practical strategies that will teach you exactly how to form good habits, break bad ones, and master the tiny behaviors that lead to remarkable results.if you're having trouble changing your habits, the problem isn't you. the problem is your system. bad habits repeat themselves again and again not because you don't want to change, but because you have the wrong system for change. you do
Addiction is epidemic and catastrophic. with more than one in every five people over the age of fourteen addicted, drug abuse has been called the most formidable health problem worldwide. if we are not victims ourselves, we all know someone struggling with the merciless compulsion to alter their experience by changing how their brain functions.drawing on years of research--as well as personal experience as a recovered addict--researcher and professor judy grisel has reached a fundamental conclusion: for the addict, there will never be enough drugs. the brain's capacity to learn
Steven naifeh and gregory white smith, who galvanized readers with their pulitzer prize–winning biography of jackson pollock, have written another tour de force—an exquisitely detailed, compellingly readable portrait of vincent van gogh. working with the full cooperation of the van gogh museum in amsterdam, naifeh and smith have accessed a wealth of previously untapped materials to bring a crucial understanding to the larger-than-life mythology of this great artist: his early struggles to find his place in the world; his intense relationship with his brother theo; and his move to provence,
Written more than two thousand years ago, the tao teh ching, or -the classic of the way and its virtue, - is one of the true classics of the world of spiritual literature. traditionally attributed to the legendary -old master, - lao tzu, the tao teh ching teaches that the qualities of the enlightened sage or ideal ruler are identical with those of the perfected individual. today, lao tzu's words are as useful in mastering the arts of leadership in business and politics as they are in developing a sense
“Throughout the book, the great Tao is held up as an example of how we all should live our lives.”
Mar 27, 2018 — Source
We live in digital time. our pace is rushed, rapid-fire, and relentless. facing crushing workloads, we try to cram as much as possible into every day. we're wired up, but we're melting down. time management is no longer a viable solution. as bestselling authors jim loehr and tony schwartz demonstrate in this groundbreaking book, managing energy, not time, is the key to enduring high performance as well as to health, happiness, and life balance. the power of full engagement is a highly practical, scientifically based approach to managing your energy
“our energy–physical endurance, mental stamina, emotional bandwidth, attention and meaning–all tire out before the clock is done.”
From new york times bestselling author cal newport comes a bold vision for liberating workers from the tyranny of the inbox--and unleashing a new era of productivity.modern knowledge workers communicate constantly. their days are defined by a relentless barrage of incoming messages and back-and-forth digital conversations--a state of constant, anxious chatter in which nobody can disconnect, and so nobody has the cognitive bandwidth to perform substantive work. there was a time when tools like email felt cutting edge, but a thorough review of current evidence reveals that the hyperactive hive
From an obesity and neuroscience researcher with a knack for engaging, humorous storytelling, the hungry brain uses cutting-edge science to answer the questions: why do we overeat, and what can we do about it?no one wants to overeat. and certainly no one wants to overeat for years, become overweight, and end up with a high risk of diabetes or heart disease--yet two thirds of americans do precisely that. even though we know better, we often eat too much. why does our behavior betray our own intentions to be lean and
In this fascinating book, alan watts explores man's quest for psychological security, examining our efforts to find spiritual and intellectual certainty in the realms of religion and philosophy. the wisdom of insecurity underlines the importance of our search for stability in an age where human life seems particularly vulnerable and uncertain. watts argues our insecurity is the consequence of trying to be secure and that, ironically, salvation and sanity lie in the recognition that we have no way of saving ourselves.
Douglas hofstadter's book is concerned directly with the nature of “maps” or links between formal systems. however, according to hofstadter, the formal system that underlies all mental activity transcends the system that supports it. if life can grow out of the formal chemical substrate of the cell, if consciousness can emerge out of a formal system of firing neurons, then so too will computers attain human intelligence. gödel, escher, bach is a wonderful exploration of fascinating ideas at the heart of cognitive science: meaning, reduction, recursion, and much more.
In this eye-opening account, cal newport debunks the long-held belief that "follow your passion" is good advice. not only is the cliché flawed-preexisting passions are rare and have little to do with how most people end up loving their work-but it can also be dangerous, leading to anxiety and chronic job hopping.after making his case against passion, newport sets out on a quest to discover the reality of how people end up loving what they do. spending time with organic farmers, venture capitalists, screenwriters, freelance computer programmers, and others who
Deep work is the ability to focus without distraction on a cognitively demanding task. it's a skill that allows you to quickly master complicated information and produce better results in less time. deep work will make you better at what you do and provide the sense of true fulfillment that comes from craftsmanship. in short, deep work is like a super power in our increasingly competitive twenty-first century economy. and yet, most people have lost the ability to go deep-spending their days instead in a frantic blur of e-mail and
Humans are a puzzling species. on the one hand, we struggle to survive on our own in the wild, often unable to solve basic problems, like obtaining food, building shelters, or avoiding predators. on the other hand, human groups have produced innovative technologies, sophisticated languages, and complex institutions that have permitted us to successfully expand into environments across the globe. what has enabled us to dominate such a vast range of environments, more than any other species? as this book shows, the secret of our success lies not in our
Winner of the pulitzer prizewhat sort of person is god? what is his life story? is it possible to approach him not as an object of religious reverence, but as the protagonist of the world's greatest book--as a character who possesses all the depths, contradictions, and abiguities of a hamlet? this is the task that jack miles--a former jesuit trained in religious studies and near eastern languages--accomplishes with such brilliance and originality in god: a biography.using the hebrew bible as his text, miles shows us a god who evolves through
A good book may have the power to change the way we see the world, but a great book actually becomes part of our daily consciousness, pervading our thinking to the point that we take it for granted, and we forget how provocative and challenging its ideas once were—and still are. the structure of scientific revolutions is that kind of book. when it was first published in 1962, it was a landmark event in the history and philosophy of science. fifty years later, it still has many lessons to teach.
You sit down at your desk to work on an important project, but a notification on your phone interrupts your morning. later, as you're about to get back to work, a colleague taps you on the shoulder to chat. at home, screens get in the way of quality time with your family. another day goes by, and once again, your most important personal and professional goals are put on hold. what would be possible if you followed through on your best intentions? what could you accomplish if you could stay
This is a reproduction of a book published before 1923. this book may have occasional imperfections such as missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. that were either part of the original artifact, or were introduced by the scanning process. we believe this work is culturally important, and despite the imperfections, have elected to bring it back into print as part of our continuing commitment to the preservation of printed works worldwide. we appreciate your understanding of the imperfections in the preservation process, and hope you enjoy this
“her story speaks to making remarkable accomplishments, even when the world around you isn’t supportive.”
The classic book on the development of human language by the world’s leading expert on language and the mind.in this classic, the world's expert on language and mind lucidly explains everything you always wanted to know about language: how it works, how children learn it, how it changes, how the brain computes it, and how it evolved. with deft use of examples of humor and wordplay, steven pinker weaves our vast knowledge of language into a compelling story: language is a human instinct, wired into our brains by evolution. the
Set on the desert planet arrakis, dune is the story of the boy paul atreides, heir to a noble family tasked with ruling an inhospitable world where the only thing of value is the “spice” melange, a drug capable of extending life and enhancing consciousness. coveted across the known universe, melange is a prize worth killing for...when house atreides is betrayed, the destruction of paul’s family will set the boy on a journey toward a destiny greater than he could ever have imagined. and as he evolves into the mysterious
Thrown in prison for a crime he has not committed, edmond dantes is confined to the grim fortress of if. there he learns of a great hoard of treasure hidden on the isle of monte cristo and he becomes determined not only to escape, but also to unearth the treasure and use it to plot the destruction of the three men responsible for his incarceration. dumas’ epic tale of suffering and retribution, inspired by a real-life case of wrongful imprisonment, was a huge popular success when it was first serialized
What really makes people glad to be alive? What are the inner experiences that make life worthwhile? For more than two decades Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi studied those states in which people report feelings of concentration and deep enjoyment. His studies revealed that what makes experience genuinely satisfying is 'flow' - a state of concentration so focused that it amounts to complete absorption in an activity and results in the achievement of a perfect state of happiness. Flow has become the classic work on happiness and a major contribution to contemporary psychology. It examines such timeless issues as the challenge of lifelong learning; family relationships; art, sport and sex as 'flow'; the pain of loneliness; optimal use of free time; and how to make our lives meaningful.
“The feeling of being “in the zone” when your attention is fully absorbed, anxieties are gone and you’re doing your best.”
An engrossing, insider’s account of how a teacher built one of the world’s most valuable companies—rivaling walmart & amazon—and forever reshaped the global economy.in just a decade and half jack ma, a man from modest beginnings who started out as an english teacher, founded and built alibaba into one of the world’s largest companies, an e-commerce empire on which hundreds of millions of chinese consumers depend. alibaba’s $25 billion ipo in 2014 was the largest global ipo ever. a rockefeller of his age who is courted by ceos and presidents
Anders ericsson has made a career studying chess champions, violin virtuosos, star athletes, and memory mavens. peak distills three decades of myth-shattering research into a powerful learning strategy that is fundamentally different from the way people traditionally think about acquiring new abilities. whether you want to stand out at work, improve your athletic or musical performance, or help your child achieve academic goals, ericsson's revolutionary methods will show you how to improve at almost any skill that matters to you.
From the author of brothers and china in ten words this celebrated contemporary classic of chinese literature was also adapted for film by zhang yimou. this searing novel, originally banned in china but later named one of that nation's most influential books, portrays one man's transformation from the spoiled son of a landlord to a kindhearted peasant. after squandering his family's fortune in gambling dens and brothels, the young, deeply penitent fugui settles down to do the honest work of a farmer. forced by the nationalist army to leave behind
In today's world, yesterday's methods just don't work. in getting things done, veteran coach and management consultant david allen shares the breakthrough methods for stress-free performance that he has introduced to tens of thousands of people across the country. allen's premise is simple: our productivity is directly proportional to our ability to relax. only when our minds are clear and our thoughts are organized can we achieve effective productivity and unleash our creative potential. in getting things done allen shows how to:* apply the "do it, delegate it, defer it,
Benjamin franklin's autobiography is one of the most famous works in american literature. he started it as a private collection of anecdotes for his son, but soon it was transformed into a work of history. this is a charming, self-portrait of one of america's greatest forefathers.
"everybody is a book of blood; wherever we're opened, we're red." for those who only know clive barker through his long multigenre novels, this one-volume edition of the books of blood is a welcome chance to acquire the 16 remarkable horror short stories with which he kicked off his career. for those who already know these tales, the poignant introduction is a window on the creator's mind. reflecting back after 14 years, barker writes: i look at these pieces and i don't think the man who wrote them is alive
Brendan doyle, a specialist in the work of the early-nineteenth century poet william ashbless, reluctantly accepts an invitation from a millionaire to act as a guide to time-travelling tourists. but while attending a lecture given by samuel taylor coleridge in 1810, he becomes marooned in regency london, where dark and dangerous forces know about the gates in time.caught up in the intrigue between rival bands of beggars, pursued by egyptian sorcerers, and befriended by coleridge, doyle somehow survives and learns more about the mysterious ashbless than he could ever have
Compulsory ujamaa villages in tanzania, collectivization in russia, le corbusier’s urban planning theory realized in brasilia, the great leap forward in china, agricultural "modernization" in the tropics—the twentieth century has been racked by grand utopian schemes that have inadvertently brought death and disruption to millions. why do well-intentioned plans for improving the human condition go tragically awry?in this wide-ranging and original book, james c. scott analyzes failed cases of large-scale authoritarian plans in a variety of fields. centrally managed social plans misfire, scott argues, when they impose schematic visions that
We live in a world of great and increasing complexity, where even the most expert professionals struggle to master the tasks they face. longer training, ever more advanced technologies‚neither seems to prevent grievous errors. but in a hopeful turn, acclaimed surgeon and writer atul gawande finds a remedy in the humblest and simplest of techniques: the checklist.first introduced decades ago by the u.s. air force, checklists have enabled pilots to fly aircraft of mind-boggling sophistication. now innovative checklists are being adopted in hospitals around the world, helping doctors and nurses
Already internationally acclaimed for his elegant, lucid writing on the most challenging notions in modern physics, sean carroll is emerging as one of the greatest humanist thinkers of his generation as he brings his extraordinary intellect to bear not only on higgs bosons and extra dimensions but now also on our deepest personal questions. where are we? who are we? are our emotions, our beliefs, and our hopes and dreams ultimately meaningless out there in the void? does human purpose and meaning fit into a scientific worldview?in short chapters filled
“probably the best overview of what we know about life and reality as a result of science.”
The key to good and efficient writing lies in the intelligent organisation of ideas and notes. this book helps students, academics and nonfiction writers to get more done, write intelligent texts and learn for the long run. it teaches you how to take smart notes and ensure they bring you and your projects forward. the take smart notes principle is based on established psychological insight and draws from a tried and tested note-taking-technique. this is the first comprehensive guide and description of this system in english, and not only does
“I've been playing around with different note-taking systems since reading @soenke_ahrens's wonderful book”
Oct 11, 2019 — Source
Marie skłodowska curie (1867–1934) was the first woman scientist to win worldwide acclaim and was, indeed, one of the great scientists of the twentieth century. written by curie’s daughter, the renowned international activist eve curie, this biography chronicles curie’s legendary achievements in science, including her pioneering efforts in the study of radioactivity and her two nobel prizes in physics and chemistry. it also spotlights her remarkable life, from her childhood in poland, to her storybook parisian marriage to fellow scientist pierre curie, to her tragic death from the very radium
“Won the Nobel Prize twice, discovered radiation, overcame oppression in her native Poland and raised a family.”
How much of our fate is tied to the status of our parents and grandparents? how much does it influence our children? more than we wish to believe. while it has been argued that rigid class structures have eroded in favor of greater social equality, the son also rises proves that movement on the social ladder has changed little over eight centuries. using a novel technique--tracking family names over generations to measure social mobility across countries and periods--renowned economic historian gregory clark reveals that mobility rates are lower than conventionally
"know thyself," a precept as old as socrates, is still good advice. but is introspection the best path to self-knowledge? what are we trying to discover, anyway? in an eye-opening tour of the unconscious, as contemporary psychological science has redefined it, timothy d. wilson introduces us to a hidden mental world of judgments, feelings, and motives that introspection may never show us.this is not your psychoanalyst's unconscious. the adaptive unconscious that empirical psychology has revealed, and that wilson describes, is much more than a repository of primitive drives and conflict-ridden
In this innovative study, jean lave moves the analysis of one particular form of cognitive activity--arithmetic problem-solving--out of the laboratory and into the domain of everyday life. in so doing, she shows how mathematics in the real world, such as that entailed in grocery shopping or dieting, is, like all thinking, shaped by the dynamic encounter between the culturally-endowed mind and its total context, a subtle interaction that shapes both the human subject and the world within which it acts.
It seems, at first glance, like an obvious step to take to improve industrial productivity: one should simply watch workers at work in order to learn how they actually do their jobs. but american engineer frederick winslow taylor (1856-1915) broke new ground with this 1919 essay, in which he applied the rigors of scientific observation to such labor as shoveling and bricklayer in order to streamline their work... and bring a sense of logic and practicality to the management of that work. this highly influential book, must-reading for anyone seeking
Perhaps you are weird: raised in a society that is western, educated, industrialized, rich, and democratic. if so, you’re rather psychologically peculiar.unlike much of the world today, and most people who have ever lived, weird people are highly individualistic, self-obsessed, control-oriented, nonconformist, and analytical. they focus on themselves—their attributes, accomplishments, and aspirations—over their relationships and social roles. how did weird populations become so psychologically distinct? what role did these psychological differences play in the industrial revolution and the global expansion of europe during the last few centuries?in the weirdest people
Mandler covers the evolution of cognitive psycholgoy, traced from the beginnings of a rigorous experimental psychology at the end of the 19th century to the 'cognitive revolution' at the end of the 20th, and the social and cultural contexts of its theoretical developments.
In this book, written in 1916, dewey tries to criticize and expand on the educational philosophies of rousseau and plato. dewey's ideas were seldom adopted in america's public schools, although a number of his prescriptions have been continually advocated by those who have had to teach in them.
Parents who are deeply invested in their children's education can be hard on themselves and their kids. when exhausted parents are living the day-to-day grind, it can seem impossible to muster enough energy to make learning fun or interesting. how do parents nurture a love of learning amid childhood chaos, parental self-doubt, the flu, and state academic standards?in this book, julie bogart distills decades of experience--homeschooling her five now grown children, developing curricula, and training homeschooling families around the world--to show parents how to make education an exciting, even enchanting,
The widening gap between rich and poor means dealing with one big, uncomfortable truth: if you’re not at the top, you’re at the bottom.the global labor market is changing radically thanks to growth at the high end—and the low. about three quarters of the jobs created in the united states since the great recession pay only a bit more than minimum wage. still, the united states has more millionaires and billionaires than any country ever, and we continue to mint them.in this eye-opening book, renowned economist and bestselling author tyler
Eckhart tolle's message is simple: living in the now is the truest path to happiness and enlightenment. and while this message may not seem stunningly original or fresh, tolle's clear writing, supportive voice and enthusiasm make this an excellent manual for anyone who's ever wondered what exactly "living in the now" means. foremost, tolle is a world-class teacher, able to explain complicated concepts in concrete language. more importantly, within a chapter of reading this book, readers are already holding the world in a different container--more conscious of how thoughts and
This comprehensive anthology provides translations of texts illustrative of buddhist philosophy and doctrine as well as descriptive, concrete accounts of buddhist practices, rituals, experiences and life situations. this approach does not neglect one dimension of the religion in favor of another and allows instructors to choose what they wish to emphasize in the classroom. the book also covers the development of buddhism in a wide variety of geographical and cultural areas (india, southeast asia, tibet, china, and japan), and gives a sense of the historical evolution of the tradition in
“in the beginner’s mind there are many possibilities, but in the expert’s there are few.” so begins this most beloved of all american zen books. seldom has such a small handful of words provided a teaching as rich as has this famous opening line. in a single stroke, the simple sentence cuts through the pervasive tendency students have of getting so close to zen as to completely miss what it’s all about. an instant teaching on the first page. and that’s just the beginning.in the forty years since its original